Transitional solutions towards a low carbon economy

Date/Time

02/28/2019
11:45 am-12:35 pm
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Location

Particle Science & Technology Bldg.
1180 Center Dr
Gainesville, FL 32611

Details

Transitional solutions
towards a low carbon
economy

The world is far from achieving a sustainable energy future. In transition to a low carbon economy, it is essential to advance alternative energy technologies in addition to understand and mitigate
the environmental impacts of conventional fossil fuel systems. In this talk, we pursue an interdisciplinary approach presenting two research works on both process-level (catalysis & reaction engineering) and
system-level (computational life-cycle assessment) frameworks related to bioenergy and fossil fuel systems, respectively.
Biomass/fossil fuel co-processing could be a bridge between energy production based on fossil and renewable fuels. As a process-level
example, we study mineral matter interactions and synergistic effects of utilizing lignocellulosic biomass or biosolids as part of feedstock and also as an inexpensive, sustainable, and natural inorganic source of catalyst to enhance biomass/fossil fuel thermo-chemical conversion kinetics.
As a system-level example, we explore oil production in a climateconstrained world. While visions for the future use of oil vary widely, most model projections suggest that humanity will consume at least 1 trillion more barrels of oil between now and the end of the century.
Where will this oil come from? What are the impacts of producing, refining, and consuming this oil? How can we make wise choices in the
coming decades to minimize the climate impacts of oil use? Here, I will outline our group’s modeling efforts to understand the current impacts of oil production around the world. Policy insights from this analysis
regarding resource management, resource prioritization and integration of emerging technologies could enable a reduction in the GHG footprint from oil and gas sector as well as increase in incorporation of alternatives fuels (e.g. biofuels).

Mohammad S. Masnadi
DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY
RESOURCES ENGINEERING,
SCHOOL OF EARTH, ENERGY
& ENVIRONMENTAL
SCIENCES, STANFORD
UNIVERSITY, CA
Mohammad Masnadi is a Research Associate of School of Earth, Energy & Environmental
Sciences (Energy Resources Engineering Department) at Stanford University. He is
interested in Energy and Climate interdisciplinary research topics such as datadriven life-cycle assessment, sustainable
processes, and process integration and intensification. Prior to joining Stanford, he collaborated with Boeing Company to investigate technology maturation platform to enable commercial scale production of aviation biofuels from lignocellulosic materials
in North America. As a graduate student (NSERC Vanier scholar), he worked on multiple biomass and bioenergy research projects.
Mohammad received his B.Sc. with honors from Iran University of Science & Technology (Tehran, Iran), and M.A.Sc. and Ph.D. in
Chemical & Biological Engineering along with
sub-specialization in Management Science
from the University of British Columbia.

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